Why you should not buy a vechur dwarf cow

What makes vechur cow so special?

1) This is the first endemic cattle of Kerala registered with (ICAR) Indian Council of Agricultural Research
2) By 1970’s less than 100 cows were left, so it was in the extinct list, Normally when this happens people are ready to pay a hefty amount to keep the specimen of the species.
3) They are very small in size, docile and adorable.

If you are looking forward to own a vechur cow. Beware.

Media hype has created a huge demand for Vechur cow.

Ideally you should avoid cattle traders or middlemen dealing in vechur cows. It is very rare to get pure vechur cows. Look for farmers in Thrissur area who own cows and better if they own a bull.

Market price for pure vechoor cows range from 50,000 to 1.5 lakhs. There are also some traders willing to offer cows for 30000 to 50000 rupees on olx and other websites, low priced cows will have some genetic defects like a small tail, less developed hump, dewlap not very prominent. This is because either the bull or cow would be a hybrid or the earlier generation would have hybrid or western cow genes. Look for farmers or hobbyist and source cow from them.

There are many dwarf cows in India mostly on the western ghats. They were once upon a time called (sahya pashu – cows only found on sahyadri hills). Cows and animals tend to become small in hilly hot and humid areas.

List of Dwarf Indian Cows found in India

  1. PUNGANUR (Chittoor district)
  2. Vechur (Vaikam)
  3. Kasargod Dwarf (Kasargod)
  4. Malnad Gidda (Manglore to kerala border)
  5. High Range Dwarf (Idduki)
  6. Kuttampuzha Kullan (Ernakulam – Idduki border)
  7. Palakad ottapalam Dwarf (Kanjikode area, Palakad)
  8. Coorg Dwarf (Virajpet)
  9. Vadakara Dwarf – This cows are not as small as vechur.
  10. Orissa also host small cows. Not sure about it.

All the above mentioned breeds are on the verge of extinction. If you plan to get any of the above cow please make sure you take your cow to mate with the same breed bull. If not then you are contributing to it’s extinction. Come on it is just once in a year. Generally you would spend money on so many unnecessary things.

Indian cows will have the same quality of milk (A2 milk). Milk and fat quality varied as per local habitat and diet. So if you are looking for unadulterated milk for home consumption and good quality dung and urine then you can procure any of the above cows and not run after vechur cows.

Cow in the below image is a Coorg Dwarf (Virajpet) cow. No one can defy if I say it is a vechur cow. Cattle traders often lookout for coorg or other dwarf cows similar to vechur and sell them at exorbitant price.

Coorg Dwarf Cow which looks similar to vechur cows of kerala
Dwarf Cow of Coorg(Virajpet)

This is a Short Jersey and not vechur cow although it is small in size. If you notice there is no hump.

Short Jersey calf with no hump
Hump less Short Jersey Calf

Sosamma Iype is the brainchild behind reviving the vechur cow along with few others. She was the one who got the cows back from the extinct list. Today the vechur cows population is estimated to be around 3000 cows. However I will still consider it endangered because unlike olden times people don’t want breeder bulls and oxen, they have become useless.

AI (Artificial Insemination) is the option considered by most. where does the semen come from? KAU university.

Is there a account for line breeding and in breeding in vechur cows? No.

Some time back KAU stopped the semen supply completely. Now they send it only to selected government vets. This semen is being used on western breeds and other cross breed cows because of the request from farmers. So after few years how do you recognise and list pure vechur cow? This will all be a disaster.

I have encountered vechur semen being used for short jersey cow few weeks back.

There may be people delicately working in KAU currently. But after Sosamma Iype and others are gone. What will be the state of the government farm? It is a fact that government farms cannot manage even less than 100 cows in a good way. No matter how much funds you invest or feed the cows properly “there is no substitute for personal touch”. Some one should connect and interact with cows, or else you leave them to graze through the day and never tie them up. Also let them rest in a big open shed during night.

Does Vechur Cows Milk really have Medicinal Qualities?

All Indian indigenous cattle have higher fat and total solids in the milk compared to crossbred cows. But in dwarf cows the size of fat globules is small which makes it easy for human body to digest. In that case Goats milk is superior than vechur because size of fat globule in goats is much smaller compared to dwarf cows.

Milk fat globules are surrounded by phospholipid membrane which is essential for the development of brain and nerve tissue. This factor also added to the high demand for vechur cows. Source

Also read why you should consume only A2 Milk of Indian Cows.

Vechur or characteristics of Indigenous Indian Cow

1) Hump – For cows hump is not very prominent(In case of calf it should be at least visible) but bulls it is huge and clearly visible just after their birth.
2) Dewlap – Larger the dewalp, better the resistance power of the cow towards parasites and diseases.
3) Skin color – (uniform color was prefered even during olden times, Most Indian breeds have by default uniform color).
4) Forehead – Forehead of Indian cows bulges out slightly on the eye area. Also it will be narrow and furrowed in the middle. It is clearly visible on bulls. Gir cow is the only exception, it has a massive convex forehead.

Zebu Cattle with not very prominent hump
Kasaragod Cow with hump


3 months old kasargod bull with visible hump
3 months old kasargod bull with visible hump

5) Hooves – Hooves of Indian cows are small in size and the rear hooves split should be very close to each other. It should not be wide open. Indian cattle have developed strong hooves to walk on uneven and rocky terrain.

No visible gap between Rear Hooves of a Indian cattle
Rear Hooves should not have visible gap

6) Tail – Tail should almost touch the ground, however if it is a calf then the tail will be small but should be at least below the knee.

Indian Cow tail almost touching the ground
Tail almost touching the ground

7) Dung – All Indigenous Indian cows have semi solid form of dung. Dung will be covered by thin mucous which makes the dung to not stick on the skin of cows and even human hands when handling. It should have a pleasant smell and not foul odor.

Mucous coat on Indian Cow Dung
Mucous cover on Zebu Cattle Dung


Mucous coat on Cow Dung
Mucous covered on Dung

8) Oily appearance and not Fury Texture – Cows skin should have short glossy hair with greasy appearance which acts as an insect repellent. When you rub your hands on the cow, oil should stick to your hands. It should not have fur like texture on the skin, it is a sign of western breed from cooler climate.

Oily Skin of Indian Cattle
sebum glands secrete oil on Cow skin

9) Horn – All cows have horns and it keeps growing as they age, there may be some exceptional case. Some people state vechur cows have very small horn or almost negligible. But that is not true. check the below image from Ilakkangal movie of 80’s. It is definitely a vechur cow. It would be around 15 years old.

vechur cow with huge horn in Illakangal movie shot in 80's
vechur cow with huge horn

10) Round Back – All well feed Indian Cows will have round back. Western or crossbred cows have different bone structure. They also tend to have huge stomach with never ending appetite. Some lactating Indian cows will not have round back however they will gain weight once lactation stops.

well feed Indian cattle have round back
Round back of Indian Zebu Cattle

11) Surya Ketu Nadi – This is not visible though naked eyes. But you can feel it on the backbone of any pure Zebu cattle(Indian Holy Cow). When you move your fingers through the backbone starting from the hump you should be able to feel a small cavity on the backbone denoting the nerve. This nerve is said to give urine, milk, dung etc.. the pure qualities. It helps in absorbing energy from sun, moon and universe as per ayurvedic texts. On a western or hybrid cow backbone will be visible through naked eyes and no nerve can be felt even after touching.

Once you have identified the looks and animal structure.
Time to get into real business- Touch the cow, feed here some grass, also check if she is allowing to touch her udder.

If possible take here for a short walk and see if she is calm and ready to graze.

PS: If you have no prior experience in handling cows then you should consider learning more about cows. How to manage them and feeding. Stay with some one who can guide you. If you plan to open a dairy farm then go a head no need of all this because you are limited to cow shed and even feed is hay and commercial cattle feed.

It is little difficult to raise Indian Sacred Cows for Dairying. There are lot of complication involved unlike commercial dairy cows.

This article has 56 Comments
  1. Great article. And excellent information about characterestics of indegenous cows.
    Regarding hump, can you explain how much time it will take to develop in fullsize on male calves??

  2. Thank you Jayan,

    Most cows and bulls reach full size just after 2 years. However I am not very clear on this part.
    I guess hump may get fatter and tend to drop down backwards even at a later stage.

    I have seen bulls develop full body by 2 years. But I have noticed older bulls with better developed humps.

  3. Hi-

    Very good write up. I read some of your other articles, its written good. Thanks for the info.

    Is there a “significant” difference between the milk from the Indian breed cows and the ones from mixed breed cow. I read somewhere they call the mixedoutside breed as A1 milk and its toxic.

    Cheers- Ravi

    1. It was a down to earth write up.I should say it was very sincere.and selfless impartation of facts.
      The description for characteristics of indigenous cow was a eye opener for a non agriculturistlike me planning to start organic farm.

  4. Ravi,

    Thank you.
    Yes there is a vast difference in flavor of Indian cow milk compared to western or to be more precises genetically modified cows.

    Most cross breed cows in India have some part Indian cow genes and some western so some cows have good quality milk.

    But they may lack medicinal qualities what native cows possess. But mind you only if they are provided grass, wild forage, hay and some sort of natural feed like (groundnut, coconut, sesame cake.) Milk, dung, urine and the cow itself becomes toxic when they are fed urea, fish-meal, other hormones and steroids for higher milk production.

    They also should be taken out for a walk daily at least and not tied to the same place through out their life.

    hope this helps.

    1. cow itself becomes toxic when they are fed urea?
      Human urine?


      No not urine. Urea fertilizer. Most concentrated Cattle feed have large quantity of urea, some bulk dealers mix urea to hay as well to increase protein intake. Urea is the cheapest source of protein.
      Nitrogen is the building block for all cells.

      check wiki page

      Urea or carbamide is an organic compound
      Urea serves an important role in the metabolism of nitrogen-containing compounds by animals and is the main nitrogen-containing substance in the urine of mammals. It is a colorless, odorless solid, highly soluble in water and practically non-toxic (LD50 is 15 g/kg for rat). Dissolved in water, it is neither acidic nor alkaline. The body uses it in many processes, the most notable one being nitrogen excretion. Urea is widely used in fertilizers as a convenient source of nitrogen.

      The equivalent nitrogen content (in gram) of urea (in mmol) can be estimated by the conversion factor 0.028 g/mmol.[10] Furthermore, 1 gram of nitrogen is roughly equivalent to 6.25 grams of protein, and 1 gram of protein is roughly equivalent to 5 grams of muscle tissue. In situations such as muscle wasting, 1 mmol of excessive urea in the urine (as measured by urine volume in litres multiplied by urea concentration in mmol/l) roughly corresponds to a muscle loss of 0.67 gram.

  5. Thanks.

    Is there a politicalfinancial motive behind this move of eradicating the humped-Indian-breed. So if the west thinks of eradicating this Indian breed here, what is the purpose of doing so ?

    1. To ruin the prosperity of india .As agriculture is the backbone of india no one can sustain in agriculture without cows . By doing chemical agri soil is dying as a result in coming years the entire agriculture in india will face a severe down fall. People r not aware of anything .very miserable.

  6. Ravi,

    It was the planing commission under the influence of elite people and corporate. Selling milk in India is a hot cake, they would have realized it . Not just that as you mentioned they also wanted average person to depend on them and not to be self sustainable. This is done to every aspect of life not just cows in all parts of the world. Some people want to control the whole planet.

    I always refer this article to people whom I known. It is well written with good info.

    1. Thanks for the link.

      It is very informative. Although I am from a different line of work, I have passion about History and archaeology. I always want to work in the field were my passion is, but unfortunately I’m been pulled to different area of work.

  7. Thank you for such an informative article. I learnt a lot! It is so unfortunate to learn these things from Books or Internet where Once it was part of our culture and day to day life. I am looking to buy and raise a pure Indian breed Cow in the near future plus some agricultural dreams also in mind. I will be settling down in India for good in about 6 months. Could you help me with any links where I can find these pure breeds please?

  8. Ravi,

    Gather all your energy, courage and get into what you love. Initially its all struggle but you will be happy and contented in your life. Do what you love. Same goes with me, but still struggling.

    Santosh thank you,
    True our culture is decaying. all that is from west is good attitude.
    great. I guess when you say India, it will be Kerala?

    For a pure cow you should definitely visit shimoga.

    For latest updates on agricultural sector and help from experienced farms.

  9. It’s really good to read this article.

    I am from jaipur & since last few years working on gathering info on Indian cows.

    What stated above regarding our native breed is very true & we should promote them.

    the economy of native cows is very simple i.e Average output with average input , rsther than high output with high input ………


    Dear Jai, great to know that you are working on native breeds.
    Would love to read your experience.

  10. My experience is not much , as compare to the people who practically are involved or rather passionate for rearing indian cows ….even people who are rearing 1 or 2 cow for their domestic milk consumption are rearing these since they are great admirer of it’s quality ……the disaster caused by cross breeds or so called elite cows is because of our policy makers & those who are commercializing dairy sector ….even today work is going on, crossing indian cows with exotic breeds ….. the need is to promote our own indigenous breeds & it need to be done by young people like us .. … it’s not possible for everybody to rear a cow for him or his family ….but it’s possible for every person to demand it’s milk…so that young entrepreneurs may come forward for dairy venture / cooperatives to produce and market milk of indian cows …..demand of such milk will automatically establish glory of our indigenous cows .

  11. As a farmer your article is informative and motive also .Thank you.

    From long time i was searching to buy one vechur or kasargod kullan cow.

    Please explain how to buy one.

    Dear Manoj,
    Thank you for the kind words.

    Sure I should be able to guide you. Where are you based?
    send you a PM for more info.

  12. Very Informative article. Keep up the good work.

    I own kangayam cows and looking to buy one vechur cow. Can you please guide me in procuring a pure vechur cow from a farmer or an authentic source.


    Hello Sivakumar,

    Thank you. and even you deserve appreciation for keeping Indian Cows.
    Send you a PM.

  13. thnx a lot for publishing such a useful article. as u mentioned above middle men or traders either are making advantage of these trade with the help of medias. how ever those people who read this article will be atleast aware of this truth.


    you are welcome. true but not every one checks online. Thing is even if few people like you know about it, it will pass on. keep sharing.

  14. Read your article and thanks alot. I am very much interested to keep a vechur cow. Please let me know from where I can buy one vechur cow and bull.

    With regards.


    you are welcome. pass on the info to others.

    send you PM. they should be able to help you get a cow.

    1. Its the best job on this earth to save indigenous breed (Indian) cows. As these foreign breed cows have spoilt the Indian breeds, Indian cow products are SHUBH, i.e. PURE , it is proved by the scientists, and is there in Indian shastr, and VEDAS. So make good ur this janam and other janams too by caring and saving Indian Breed cows……Kailash Chandr Sharma (sharmakailash513@yahoo.com)

  15. Is this Vechur cow different from Srilankan Zebus cows that grow only 3feet tall?.


    Hello Suryadas,

    Well I am not sure, haven’t heared about them so far. Thank you for sharing. But I have a feeling that the zebu you see in Srilanka would be same as vechur for that matter pure dwarf cattle, since srilanka is almost connected to India. Ones you see in international market(Miniature cattle) they are made miniature by altering their genes.

  16. Good and informative write up from the heart, of a dedicated conservationist.got to know a lot of weeny bit info that we usually tend to ignore Thanks. I have a kasargodan dwarf with wich I am satisfied.Please share with me details to purchase a pure bred vetch ur.wud be most helpful.
    Thank you Paul,

    send you a PM.

  17. Very nice eye opening article.. Excellent information!!
    We live in Coimbatore and for about a year, we have been discussing to get 1-2 cows for our family and temple… our search stops here after reading your article, .. Vechur is the breed we need and nothing else… I am interested to buy 2-3 vechur calfs – 1 male and 2 female..
    Its sad to see how wrong policies of our leaders affected our health.. Our policy should have been like One family one Indian cow!! I pledge to do my part in Vechur conservation.. Better late than never!! Where can I get ‘pure’ Vechur cows? Can you please help?


    Dear Krishna,

    Why do you still need a Vechur. Its almost impossible to get pure ones.

    If you are from Coimbatore. Kangayam or umblachery is better I feel, because pure ones are losing ground there in TN as well. this is just a suggestion. Send you a PM.

    1. Its the best job on this earth to save indigenous breed (Indian) cows. As these foreign breed cows have spoilt the Indian breeds, Indian cow products are SHUBH, i.e. PURE , it is proved by the scientists, and is there in Indian shastr, and VEDAS. So make good ur this janam and other janams too by caring and saving Indian Breed cows……Kailash Chandr Sharma (sharmakailash513@yahoo.com)

  18. Thank You for this great article. Good eyeopener. Can you please PM about the availability? We are starting a biodiversity center in Bangalore and trying to build a small community that will protect and hopefully conserve our endogenous species of animals.

    Thank you.


    Thank you. Sure send you a mail. Good best wishes. Since you based in Bangalore why don’t you plan to visit.

    Shree Ramachandrapura Math, Hosanagar – they even have a Goshala in Bangalore please check the below link.

  19. Wonderful, dedicated article, hats off to you sir.
    May all holy cow lovers happen to see your article.

    Best regards,


    Thank you.

  20. We have raised the dwarf Srikanka zebu cattle for over 12 years….they were imported into America in the 1930’s for exhibitions and zoological gardens. We have 2 associations who strive to promote the cattle by educating the public, and exhibiting them to keep them as pure as God intended. There is a Hare Krishna temple in California that raises the cattle for their milk in California. And there is a Temple near me here in Texas that has evaluated my herd and requested urine from certain cows for ceremonies. While all colors are available, many of us breed solid colored cows (I prefer the greys) and a large hump and dewlap is desirable. I also breed for cattle with large horns and a sociable temperament. Because while our animals forage in pastures, they are also asked to interact frequently with people. We like to think that we are breeding pure Indian cattle who would be readily accepted into their home country. Please look at the websites of our registries, the AMZA and the IMZA for more information.

    And thank you for your informative article. We can never stop learning about our little cattle!


    Kay you are most welcome. Things are really bad in India for Zebu cows.

  21. Sir
    I m a farmer from tirupathy AP. My passion is organic and dairy . I recently came to know about lateMr. Nammalwar who dedicated his entire life for the soil. I m determined to do organic farming and preservation of country cows which is gods gift to indian agriculture. Butwe indians dont know the value of them. I procured a pure country cow which gives only 1lt per day. If anybody can give me information about vechur or punganur cows in affordable rates i would be thankful

    1. If you’re really interested on it, I would to introduce to a person who’s dedicatededicate in natural forming suburb of Chennai. .. He had addressed in vide news media…You may get through surf the net, He is Mr.Jagananathan near Thirunindravur, Chennai.. All the best for your dedication.

  22. I am a retired Indian Naval Engineer and a Gulf returned person settled in my village near Ottappalam, Kerala. I am looking after 14 desi cows(local cows) and doing natural farming(Subhash Palekkar’s Natural farming). I have rediscovered a meaningful life at the age of 58 because I am with these holy animals and the mother nature. All these adult cows and children have become part of my soul for the past 2 years. There is a place for every living being on this earth for a dignified life. Man is the only violator of this noble rule of mother nature. I am ashamed of the Keralites who kill and eat the children of the mother earth. It is a shame for the people of an educated state. I advise to the younger generation not to eat meat – not to take the life of any living being. You will never enjoy the real SREYAS of life by this. I am really shocked by the videos in which the cattle are carried to Kerala for slaughtering. This is a shame to humanity. Please come to my home and see how I and my wife look after our cows as our family members. I thank Subhash Palekkarji for his guidance and blessings in this path of life. This is the real spiritual life. I do not need to go to temple as these children of god are cared by me. This is my message to young generation.

    1. Nice to see your post. v r also fortunate to live surrounded by desi cows and doing natural farming. Last month v had a good organic farming seminar conducted by Sri Sundara Raman of Sathyamangalam. v would like to get in touch with you. Our close family friends, a retd col fly also interested.

      1. Can you please give your email address / number so that I can talk with you about your organic farming and cows.



        send PM

  23. Hello natural farmer,

    Very nice article! I’d like to purchase a ‘pure breed’ Vechoor cow. Kindly let me know from where i can get it. Also give me an idea of its price.


  24. Good article. I am in Chennai and recently I bought a native breed cow ( local Kanchi Kuttai variety) but it doesn’t allow anybody to milk it and kicks violently. The calf is the first one and the cow is about four years old. It doesn’t like straw but prefers open grazing. I am yet to milk it provided the cow allows me. Is there any way to milk such violent cows ?

  25. I looked at this website more than a year ago and I was incubating an idea of buying a vechur or kasargod cow. The descriptions given here helped me a lot to understand the characteristics of native cows, and now I am owning a Kasargod dwarf cow. I could see almost all the features of a native cow described here in my cow. There are a couple of things I observed on her in the last two months since I bought her. One the cow does not eat continuously on one type of vegetation or grass. she bites on grass, then takes bite on some leaves, then comes back to grass, goes to another type of greens constantly moving around. Initially we thought the cow doesn’t eat well, but by the end of the day she would have eaten the quantity of food she wants. Another thing is she is not over-friendly. The cross-bred cows we had in the past were very gentle and would like to get caressed whenever one of us goes near it. I am not saying this one is aggressive, but she doesn’t like being touched and massaged beyond a limit, and she would start moving around, especially if we touch her face. There is no issue in touching the udder or lower parts of the body. Presently 7 months pregnant, I am a bit concerned about milking her after the delivery. I have used the urine and dung for the vegetables I am growing in my garden I have seen appreciable change in growth rate and it is a good repellant of pests as well. Practically zero expense in feeding her, I do not buy anything from outside to feed her.
    If other cows are grazing near her, she would not like that and would go and attack even much larger cows. But never attacked people, even my 6 yr old son can go near her.

    I am happy to have this cow, even if I am not getting any milk it is okay. The dung and urine is enriching my soil. Expecting more and more people coming forward to venture into growing our own native varieties.. not only cows, rice paddy, vegetables, fruits and all such things which made our little state the God’s own country long ago.

  26. truely a great article by the writer…hats off !! Hope that your valuable knowledge will help out thousands on the web. Kindly keep spreading this knowledge to good people so that they could engage themselves in conservation efforts.
    Indian government has recently launched “Rashtriya Gokul Mission” for conservation of indigenous breeds. Hope that you can give some inputs and take some initiatives or even provide a platform with government to people for the conservation efforts. Establishing a “Gokul Gram” in the breeding tracts of indigenous cattle is a part of the program.

  27. How should we consume desi cow milk. How the preserve it and how to prepare curds out of it,please let me know.


    stay tuned in a few weeks I will post more.

  28. I would like to have a vechur cow.From where can get a good one. i am very new in this. Kindly advice me.


    Send you PM.

  29. How should we consume desi cow milk. How the preserve it and how to prepare curds out of it,please let me know.

  30. One more charastreric feature of vechur cow is in 99% of vechur cows the nose is either grey or red in colour, definitely not black. The horns grow little. in approximately 7 to 8 years thery grow outwardly proportional in 80% of the cows, the horn colour is grey but not surely black.

    Greyish pink color muzzle is also found in Coorg dwarf cows, that i have seen. I am sure there will be other as well. Thanks for the horn part I was unaware.

    Thank you for the comment. 🙂

  31. Sir, what are the main morphological differences between the vechur and other dwarf breeds? To the novice some kasargod dwarf s and vechur look very similar. Your articles are very informative,please keep up the good work.


    Dr. Madhavan,

    sorry for delay in reply. There are many contradicting info being shared even by the experts from the center.
    for eg: Vechur has a off white color muzzle, horns are generally missing or very very small. However many of the cows have the opposite. May be that’s a contaminated one. Fact is there is no pure vechur cows left in Kerala. Just like all the other breeds disappeared from kerala, not possible to get hold of a pure vechur.

  32. Respected SIr.
    Your article is very good in understanding the sacred cow and its characteristics.
    I would like know what are the difficulties involved in it. I am planning to add up my career with a small diary farmer with only Indian indigenous cows. Please advice.

    Thank you


    It depends what is your motive behind rearing Indian cows. If milk is the only motive dairy then it may not be a good thing if you considered cows as sacred and then if the herd is big lot of money and things are involved. So be clear what you want to do.


  33. Sir.
    Great article.now i have a Vechur cow of 1years 8 month old.it possess almost all qualities above u mentioned, but height is 100 cm.

  34. Great! Thank you so much for this valuable information!
    I am very much interested to keep a vechur cow. Please let me know from where I can buy one pure vechur cow and bull.

    Thank you!

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